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UAE Military/Civilian Industrial Base Strategy

Building the strength of the internal Industrial Base capabilities and capacity to meet future Security and Economic needs of the UAE

UAE Industrial Base Strategy

This document is conceptual in its nature, and outlines the need to provide a more robust industrial base within the UAE based on the current political, geographical, military and economic environments that exist. Also, the need to provide the current and future armed forces with the necessary materials and systems that could be produced within the UAE, to ensure the internal and external security of the UAE. The general premise is to create the conditions, the policies, the procedures, and the national will; to establish an internal industrial base over time to produce the necessary military major end items, equipment and sustainment materials necessary to maintain a viable armed force.

General Analysis:
This document articulates the overall need, desire, rationale, as well as some of the major tasks that would be required in order to bring this type of a concept to fruition. The document also articulates the complexities of the tasks required to bring the current industrial base to the level of performance in which it could provide the armed forces the necessary materials and equipment to ensure its own security, without relying upon manufacturers and the industrial base of other nations. Additionally, it addresses the massive integration strategies required to connect the many parts and sectors of the UAE Society, to include; government ruling bodies and governmental agencies, the armed forces, industries, the educational systems, industry associations, along with global, and multinational industries, as well as critical infrastructure requirements.

Adopting a national strategy this complex in its nature, and with the extended timeline that would be required, to realize the actual institutionalization of an industrial base capability and capacity for producing the right types and right quantities of military equipment to ensure National Security would require at a minimum:

• Long term vision and political will
• Long-term economic commitment
• Tenacious follow through over many years
• Superior organization and management
• International staff of experts to negotiate and facilitate
• And single agency control at the highest levels of the UAE government

This single agency would have to have complete control over the planning, execution, integration, coordination, risk management and final decision authority for all matters involving the industrial base; as well as access to the highest levels of government, to ensure the continuity with the political will and the economic realities, upon which key industrial base decisions must be based. Such as the capitalization of key industrial base facilities, whether or not it is a joint use facility producing both civilian and military items, does it have an export capability and is there a world or regional market share that can be penetrated; along with the competition analysis required to penetrate world markets to ensure the economic success of industrial base ventures.

Major success factors and considerations:

In order to accomplish a program of this magnitude, would require integral planning and the integration of a rational logical road-map that would link the concepts and requirements to desired outcomes. The use of a logic pyramid represents an example of using the elements provided.

This pyramid represents the key alignment of goals, objectives, strategy and so forth necessary to ensure success, and represents a logical linkage between each of the elements which provides continuity to the strategy. For example, the overall goal is to provide UAE the means necessary to ensure its internal security, without relying heavily on others. In order for this to be accomplished there are two primary objectives which will need to be fulfilled. First, a unified industrial base, a base within the UAE that is synchronized and targeted to provide both in peace and in conflict the necessary equipment to sustain the armed forces in meeting their military missions; while at the same time being able to produce goods and services that are marketable on the world market. Second, is self-sufficiency, this is having the necessary raw materials, labor, manufacturing facilities, management and planning, and engineering assets within the country, and committed to the country, to support the industrial base and its efforts to support both its civil and military requirements.

In order to have both a unified industrial base and self-sufficiency, there must be some strategies in place to facilitate both those ends. The strategies include national partnerships; these are key partnerships with nations and companies willing to partner to build the internal capability of the UAE and to maintain that base. These partnerships could include key elements of technology transfer, and setting up of joint ventures with the goal of institutionalizing the technology and manufacturing processes necessary for the growth of the industrial base. Additionally, we add the concept of self-development where the expertise gain by the UAE educational systems, entrepreneurial systems and industrial innovation come together to produce new ideas, factories, and production that support and sustained the targeted industrial base.

As the strategies are put in place, there are number of tactics, that we can use to facilitate and enhance the effectiveness of the strategies. These tactics may include strategic alignments within the industrial base and within the partner base. This type of integration provides synergy of effort and better outcomes that reduce prices thereby, creating efficiencies and effectiveness within the industrial base. Other tactics involve process standardization and variance control thereby, allowing the manufacturing processes to be predictable and increasing quality levels which make the product more marketable upon the world markets, creating higher market share, and greater returns on investments. Additionally, encouraging increase investments in the UAE industrial base, which will have the effect of stabilizing the industrial base and the economy, while at the same time increasing capacity.

Throughout the design and buildup of the industrial base there must be a standard applied to all the engineering efforts to ensure stability and consistency not only of the individual production elements, but also the integration of the industry’s elements into one synergistic effort. For this logic pyramid, we have used the standard engineering concepts that also apply to processes and design that would directly affect the industrial base they are:

• Simplification: looks to simplify processes, designs, and manufacturing layouts and routines to maximize efficiencies and to create Lean Manufacturing.

• Standardization: allows the overall process and initiative to apply economies by doing like things the same way. This reduces the time it takes to standup new or like process using the same plans, tools, and processes. Standardization also allows the application of statistical methods, like six sigma, which increase quality, reduces waste, and increases profits.

• Integration: brings synergies to the industrial base through the combination of like industries, like processes, and in the reduction of production steps which eliminates opportunities for error within the manufacturing processes. Reduced variation increases reliability which reduces costs.

• Elimination: of non-value-added steps within the industrial base or within manufacturing processes. Reduction in process steps reduces the risk and opportunities for errors.

• Automation: creating manufacturing and industrial base reliance by removing the “man in the loop” manufacturing; by automating those processes and steps within the manufacturing and industrial base processes. Automation enhances simplification and standardization as well as integration. All of which increases reliability and reduces costs

In order to ensure smart application of any initiative within the industrial base, a standardize methodology needs to be established to provide structure to the overall process. One such methodology is based on four steps which are; design, deploy, operate, and sustain. This structure is outlined more fully, and discussed in more detail later in this paper.

In addition to a structure methodology, there has to be a consistent management method which has as a minimum the ability to design, plan, control, and evaluate the total industrial base initiative its direction and its effectiveness. At a minimum, their needs to be portfolio and pipeline management, resource management and program/ project control.

A national industrial base strategy that is this large and complex, needs to be deeply rooted in the political base of the UAE, to have any hope of a measure of success that will provide the return on investment (ROI) and then return on equity (ROE) that is expected or required. Additionally, financial and economic measures such as capital budgeting techniques, and risks/return tradeoffs, along with operating leverage considerations, will need to deployed and used within the overall UAE governmental budgeting process, as well as commercial financial markets.

The government will also need to regulate, control, and comply with international law in regards to arms/military manufacturing and sales; as well as international treaties dealing in arms trafficking and weapons of mass destruction (WMD’s).

The economic commitment that will be required by the nation to ensure effective implementation of a military/civilian industrial base complex within the UAE will be substantial and long-term. To achieve the overall stated goal of UAE Security through an internal unified industrial base with self-sufficiency in the production of the goods and services to support the Armed Forces; the UAE commitment to a multi-generational time frame initiative is not only imperative, but paramount.

A Major factor in the success of such a large national strategic initiative, will be the management and control structure that is in place to ensure completeness and correctness of all the efforts related to this endeavor. The management cycle briefly outlined here, gives a cursory view of just some of the major elements that would be required to establish, manage and execute a national strategy to integrate military production into the industrial base. This management cycle consists of six major steps, all of which must be accomplished if effective and efficient management is to take place. Each step lays the foundation for the succeeding steps, which provides a mechanism for the overall success. A note should be made here, that the process is only as good as the people who are involved in the process, and for a national strategic initiative as important as a modernization of the industrial base highly qualified and dedicated leadership and management that have a long-term commitment and a vision of success will be required.

The first step, is to establish the management and cultural environment necessary to set the groundwork for the strategic initiative. This step is realized at the highest levels of the UAE Government, with key political and economic leaders creating a clear vision and framework necessary to establish a key strategic initiative to move the industrial base from its current state to the desired future state. Key activities would include complete and comprehensive assessment of current UAE industrial base and its capabilities and capacities. Additionally, assessment in the future needs must be accomplished which establishes the current and future threat conditions and the capabilities that are required to meet those threats and have those requirements translated into weapons and systems that need to be produced by the industrial base. These assessments are used to establish a clear vision of the road ahead, and the assignment of missions and strategies as well as goals, tasks, and objectives necessary to achieve the desired outcomes and changes in the industrial base.

Additionally, at this time and IO campaign must be initiated stating the need for change and soliciting executive financial sector and management support for the strategic initiative, to include resource allocation to initiate the perceived strategic effort and to execute the macro planning process, and the establishment of the agency and its key leadership. Once this is been completed, and the major program strategy has been mapped, to include a clear critical path established with milestones and timelines assigned, we are ready to proceed to step two.

The second step, is the establishment of a methodology and the support systems required to start implementation of the national strategy. Key elements include: the writing of policies, the establishment of communications and tracking systems, and the setting of standards. This requires assembling the right team of people, with the right training, and experience, to organize and execute the vision and missions previously developed. The effort needs to fill out the organization in its key leadership positions that will be responsible for the implementation of the strategy. At this time it is essential as well, to assigned equipment and systems that will be used in the implementation. It is paramount to ensure that key systems and equipment necessary for the management, information flow, and data management, be online and available to ensure orderly, and timely flow, of information, data, and communications. A key element will be changes in the educational systems at the elementary, secondary, and university level in such programs as finance, business, management, and engineering, that will produce than next generation of technical and management experts to continue the implementation throughout the years to come. A key component will also be the establishment of curriculum and an educational system that focuses on producing experts in acquisition, procurement and life-cycle modeling specifically to military weapons and systems. They will provide the backbone for military acquisition management system and the interface to the national industrial base. Acquisition and procurement will provide a critical link in the strategic initiative and will require a full review and realignment as well as integration into a material acquisition management program which will provide for and control, management, education, and a full life cycle for items that the industrial base will produce. In order to be successful it shall require detailed coordination and input from many sectors of the UAE governmental and industrial complex.

Step three, moves to the management of work, and the establishment of the executive board’s and sector advisory boards from the different government agencies and industry associations necessary to interface with the initiative. The key element is also the portfolio steering group or committee which is the deciding body that determines which applications, weapons, and systems, that should be integrated into the program of the strategic industrial base and gives authority for program start-up. An additional important part of step three is pipeline control. This pipeline management is the controlling of, the when and where, programs and projects enter into the national industrial base strategy, to ensure that the effort is best aligned with like products or services, the current manufacturing capability and capacity, and have the best mix of partnering, joint ventures, financial and political support, marketing analysis and complete life-cycle management plans.

Portfolio in pipeline management provides the apex in the management of all aspects of a critical industrial base infrastructure. It is through the portfolio and pipeline that the that the executive and management team can best utilize and implement the resources available to the UAE at any particular point in time to maximize output, investments, financial control and planning factors, as well as maximizing the synergies of multiple industrial complexes, crossing multiple sectors over extended periods of time. Its goal is simple, to put the right products, at the right places, in the right industries, of the right time, to avoid duplication, rework, and increases in cycle time necessary to bring production capability and capacity online.

Step four, is the execution of plans created by the programs and projects, as well as the integration of the pipeline control plans into implementation action, which include the management systems, business practices and processes, all the tools, techniques, training, automated operation, and expert systems required as well as a formal reporting structure to include metrics. Step four represents the major execution of work, along with its daily management metrics, performance standards, and the Information Data Systems, required to ensure effectiveness and efficiency in the execution of the plans, developed through the portfolio stirring group the pipeline management efforts. This requires detailed planning, and cross coordination to ensure multiple business sectors, along with multiple industry sectors and governmental agencies is synchronized and coordinated. This will rely on a complex internal information technology network in which all key players have visibility over, and an understanding of the entire strategy in its current and future implementation status, thereby providing real time decision ability to the agency and key leaders and management.

Step five, is the evaluation of performance, which includes a review of the applied metrics for each of the programs and projects, the effectiveness of the pipeline integration, the overall effectiveness of the portfolio in meeting the national security requirements; and the continuing review of best practices, available to ensure effectiveness and inefficiencies within the national strategy. This is a key step in ensuring and information and data is available in real time to the national leadership, as well as the program leadership detailing overall movement a shun progress divides a window of constant review and approval of the intended portfolio and pipeline decisions as well as their effectiveness during a replication. It allows for course correction in continuous review, and the possible elimination of programs which are not meeting the potentials as initially assessed or to modify and redirect, modernize and update as the circumstances require. This provides leadership at all levels and effective way of managing to ensure that products and services currently underway are being considered and implemented and continually reviewed, for relevancy appropriateness and meeting the criteria of cost, quality, and delivery.

Step six, is the feedback loop which consists of all the reporting and briefings to the national leadership, shareholders and partners, and the review and refinement of the overall strategic initiative and its movement toward the assigned vision, mission, and objectives. This step provides a critical link between all the steps of the process, and provides for a continuous improvement path to ensure that all enterprise elements remain focused on the vision and the national will. Step six provides a quality control loop that ensures the other five steps are contributing to the overall process. It provides for the fine tuning of the process and systems to management of all aspects of work and provides the lessons learned vehicle to ensure that all involved in the overall strategic process understand where the process needs to be improved to create the desired efficiencies.

Step six, also provides a validation for the systems information and data appropriateness and usefulness to the program in providing the information necessary for effective management and control. This results in the smart upgrades and security necessary to ensure that the information systems applied to the strategic initiative remain secure while providing the information and data necessary for the daily decision making process.

For each of the steps and all of the sub-steps as outlined in the Management Cycle, as well as the processes and systems, it requires a life-cycle methodology to control and execute all of the micro parts of the management steps for risk management and to ensure completeness. The four key stages or elements of this life cycle method include:

• Design
• Deploy
• Operate
• Sustain

Enablers to these four main operating spheres of influence include: planning, technical solutions, education and metrics.
The application of each of the steps of the life-cycle method helps ensure, that the product, service, systems, or application is sufficient, and has the utility required, in meeting whatever performance objectives assigned.

Linking all the steps together into one industrial base, is a strategic formation template. This template, is used to link the strategic formation with a logic Pyramid which represents all of the major steps and considerations necessary for completion, and provides the macro activities that needs to be considered. This is linked to the management cycle, which outlines the steps what needs to be managed and completed to ensure success. Both the logic pyramid and the management cycle are executed by the considerations contained in the life-cycle method which provides the full scope methodology to ensure all considerations are made for each of the steps and activities previously outlined. As these management methods and processes are executed, critical factors are identified and can then be stratified into critical success factors, which can be analyzed to identify breakthrough goals and objectives which allow the management team to prioritize activities which provide the greatest return on investment or increased National Security. When this is completed coordinating with executives and staff related to those breakthrough goals and objectives can then be made to realize the synergies of effort in that capabilities and capacities necessary to meet the future security and economic needs of the UAE.

This Linking or interconnecting methodology is a management method to ensure that the program remains focus, streamlined, and effective throughout its life cycle. Additionally, it provides a common understanding and template, to which all parties associated with the strategic initiative can be familiar, resulting in much more effective and timely communication with all parties involved. It provides the unifying road-map which helps people remain focused on the ultimate goal and objective of securing UAE Security through the industrial base, and its ability to meet the needs of the armed forces.

In summary, the concept of creating a national industrial base strategy with the purpose of infusing industrial capabilities into the manufacture of goods and services to meet military requirements within the UAE industrial base is sound. Creating the ability to be self-sufficient in providing for the security of the nation is a major risk reducing strategy. However, the execution of the concept is very complex with a myriad of interrelated and competing interests and activities; involving a diverse population of both military and civilian’s, governments, corporations, associations, industries and philosophies. Therefore, success will require strong leadership, excellent vision, tenacity, excellent planning and management and most of all a structured system that has the necessary authority, responsibility and ability to affect the necessary changes required to implement a UAE military/civilian industrial based national strategy.

Industrial Computer Enclosures – Frequently Asked Questions Answered

1. Industrial Computer Enclosures and Industrial PCs, What’s the Difference?

In theory, nothing. They’re both designed to protect your equipment in hostile environments and they conform to the IP (ingress protection) rating system, as defined by the European Committee for Electro Technical Standardisation (CENELEC).

In practice, it’s the way that they protect that’s different. Industrial PCs are ‘all-in-one’ systems, everything is built into one unit, whereas industrial computer enclosures are separate to your equipment. They offer greater flexibility and save you time and money.

2. Why Bother Protecting my Factory’s PCs? I can just Replace them if they get Damaged

It’s true, you can. However, let’s look at how this could affect your company, hypothetically speaking. Let’s say you have 10 PCs in use on the factory floor and within 12 months five of them become damaged beyond repair due to exposure to dust, dirt, temperature fluctuations and liquids.

Assuming that the cost to replace each PC is £300, your bottom line takes a hit of £1500. That’s bad enough, right? However, there’s a more fundamental problem, which is often an oversight for many businesses.

Yes, a PC can be replaced, but what can’t be undone is production downtime. If you’re using PCs on the factory floor it’s obviously vital to your business operations.

What we’re stressing here is that it stops becoming about the cost to replace PCs, but becomes about the cost of PC downtime. Ultimately, the time it takes to repair a broken-down industrial PC is the opportunity cost of lost production and a lower manufacturing output.

How would your facility cope with 24 hours out of action? In reality, that’s how long it could take to get a PC repaired or replaced.

Then there’s data loss. The PC that has just failed holds information valuable to business, if it’s not backed up, it’s lost and irreplaceable.

Ultimately, industrial computer enclosures prolong the usable life of your equipment, reducing breakdowns, preventing downtime and giving you a lower total cost of ownership.

‘In gruelling environments a computer enclosure is the first and last line of defence for your equipment.’

3. Why can’t I just Build my Own Industrial Computer Enclosures?

You can, but it will cost you more. Once you’ve paid for the specialist materials and tools needed, factored in the labour costs and the time it takes to design and develop a unit to your satisfaction, plus the IP certification costs, producing your own doesn’t make commercial sense.

Assigning your time, and the time of your staff, to building an enclosure is time that is lost on your business. You wouldn’t spend time building the other heavy duty equipment you use, would you?

4. Will the Warranty of my Equipment be Affected by Using Industrial Computer Enclosures?

No. However, using a commercial grade PC in an environment where it’s deemed unfit for purpose, might not be covered by your warranty.

5. Are Industrial Computer Enclosures Or Industrial PCs More Secure?

With industrial PCs, they’re built to withstand manufacturing environments, with no need for a protective enclosure, which does leave it exposed to potential tampering or theft.

An industrial computer enclosure is separate to your equipment and are lockable, restricting access to authorised personnel only, reducing the possibility of theft or tampering.

6. Which is Easier to Maintain, Equipment in an Enclosure or an Industrial PC?

Without doubt, equipment in an enclosure. If something goes wrong with any of the systems encased in an enclosure, you can deal with any malfunctions on the spot. In contrast, industrial PCs are specialist pieces of kit and in most cases often require repair by the manufacturer.

This means you could face a significant period of downtime waiting for an engineer to come out and rectify a problem.

Additionally, because they’re sealed units, industrial PCs are often proprietary and difficult to upgrade.

7. What’s Easier to Install, an Enclosure or an Industrial PC?

Enclosures! In most cases they come fully assembled. Simply position as required, put your equipment in, power up and you’re all set. There’s no need to replace any of your hardware and downtime is minimal.

Installing industrial PCs means a complete overhaul of your system. Your current equipment, presuming you’re using commercial grade equipment, is rendered useless. There’s so much to factor in including:

· Cost

· Potential downtime

· Data transferring

· Training staff

Switching to industrial PCs gives you more to think about and when all is said and done, the cost and convenience of installing an enclosure might be more appealing.

8. Why Shouldn’t I Opt for an Industrial PC?

There are many reasons, but there are a couple of reasons why many businesses choose industrial computer enclosures and here are a couple of factors:

‘Desktop PCs are preferable to industrial computers because they cost less, offer greater flexibility, are easier to purchase and maintain, plus they simplify IT strategies on the factory floor. Having enclosures means current equipment can be utilised.’

The problem with industrial computers is that if they breakdown beyond repair, the whole unit has to be replaced, costing more. When a standard PC requires replacing, the same enclosure can be used to protect the new one.

Textile Industry in India

Current Status

The textile industry holds significant status in the India. Textile industry provides one of the most fundamental necessities of the people. It is an independent industry, from the basic requirement of raw materials to the final products, with huge value-addition at every stage of processing.

Today textile sector accounts for nearly 14% of the total industrial output. Indian fabric is in demand with its ethnic, earthly colored and many textures. The textile sector accounts about 30% in the total export. This conveys that it holds potential if one is ready to innovate.

The textile industry is the largest industry in terms of employment economy, expected to generate 12 million new jobs by 2010. It generates massive potential for employment in the sectors from agricultural to industrial. Employment opportunities are created when cotton is cultivated. It does not need any exclusive Government support even at present to go further. Only thing needed is to give some directions to organize people to get enough share of the profit to spearhead development.


Textile industry is constituted of the following segments

o Readymade Garments

o Cotton Textiles including Handlooms (Millmade / Powerloom/ Handloom)

o Man-made Textiles

o Silk Textiles

o Woollen Textiles

o Handicrafts including Carpets

o Coir

o Jute

The cottage industry with handlooms, with the cheapest of threads, produces average dress material, which costs only about 200 INR featuring fine floral and other patterns. It is not necessary to add any design to it. The women of the house spin the thread, and weave a piece in about a week.

It is an established fact that small and irregular apparel production can be profitable by providing affordable casual wear and leisure garments varieties.

Now, one may ask, where from the economy and the large profit comes in if the lowest end of the chain does not get paid with minimum per day labour charge. It is an irony of course. What people at the upper stratum of the chain do is, to apply this fabric into a design with some imagination and earn in millions. The straight 6 yards simple saree, drape in with a blouse with embroideries and bead work, then it becomes a designer¡¦s ensemble. For an average person, it can be a slant cut while giving it a shape, which can double the profit. Maybe, the 30 % credit that the industry is taking for its contribution to Indian economy as good as 60 % this way. Though it is an industry, it has to innovate to prosper. It has all the ingredients to go ahead.

Current Scenario

Textile exports are targeted to reach $50 billion by 2010, $25 billion of which will go to the US. Other markets include UAE, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Russia, Canada, Bangladesh and Japan. The name of these countries with their background can give thousands of insights to a thinking mind. The slant cut that will be producing a readymade garment will sell at a price of 600 Indian rupees, making the value addition to be profitable by 300 %.

Currently, because of the lifting up of the import restrictions of the multi-fibre arrangement (MFA) since 1st January, 2005 under the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Textiles and Clothing, the market has become competitive; on closer look however, it sounds an opportunity because better material will be possible with the traditional inputs so far available with the Indian market.

At present, the textile industry is undergoing a substantial re-orientation towards other then clothing segments of textile sector, which is commonly called as technical textiles. It is moving vertically with an average growing rate of nearly two times of textiles for clothing applications and now account for more than half of the total textile output. The processes in making technical textiles require costly machinery and skilled workers.

The application that comes under technical textiles are filtration, bed sheets and abrasive materials, healthcare upholstery and furniture, blood-absorbing materials and thermal protection, adhesive tape, seatbelts, and other specialized application and products.


. India enjoys benefit of having plentiful resources of raw materials. It is one of the largest producers of cotton yarn around the globe, and also there are good resources of fibres like polyester, silk, viscose etc…

. There is wide range of cotton fibre available, and has a rapidly developing synthetic fibre industry.

. India has great competitiveness in spinning sector and has presence in almost all processes of the value chain.

. Availability of highly trained manpower in both, management and technical. The country has a huge advantage due to lower wage rates. Because of low labor rates the manufacturing cost in textile automatically comes down to very reasonable rates.

. The installed capacity of spindles in India contributes for 24% share of the world, and it is one of the biggest exporters of yarns in the global market. Having modern functions and favorable fiscal policies, it accounts about 25% of the world trade in cotton yarn.

. The apparel industry is largest foreign exchange earning sector, contributing 12% of the country’s total exports.

. The garment industry is very diverse in size, manufacturing facility, type of apparel produced, quantity and quality of output, cost, requirement for fabric etc. It comprises suppliers of ready-made garments for both, domestic or export markets.


Massive Fragmentation:

A major loop-hole in Indian textile industry is its huge fragmentation in industry structure, which is led by small scale companies. Despite the government policies, which made this deformation, have been gradually removed now, but their impact will be seen for some time more. Since most of the companies are small in size, the examples of industry leadership are very few, which can be inspirational model for the rest of the industry.

The industry veterans portrays the present productivity of factories at half to as low as one-third of levels, which might be attained. In many cases, smaller companies do not have the fiscal resources to enhance technology or invest in the high-end engineering of processes. The skilled labor is cheap in absolute terms; however, most of this benefit is lost by small companies.

The uneven supply base also leads barriers in attaining integration between the links in supply chain. This issue creates uncontrollable, unreliable and inconsistent performance.

Political and Government Diversity:
The reservation of production for very small companies that was imposed with an intention to help out small scale companies across the country, led substantial fragmentation that distorted the competitiveness of industry. However, most of the sectors now have been de-reserved, and major entrepreneurs and corporate are putting-in huge amount of money in establishing big facilities or in expansion of their existing plants.

Secondly, the foreign investment was kept out of textile and apparel production. Now, the Government has gradually eliminated these restrictions, by bringing down import duties on capital equipment, offering foreign investors to set up manufacturing facilities in India. In recent years, India has provided a global manufacturing platform to other multi-national companies that manufactures other than textile products; it can certainly provide a base for textiles and apparel companies.

Despite some motivating step taken by the government, other problems still sustains like various taxes and excise imbalances due to diversification into 35 states and Union Territories. However, an outline of VAT is being implemented in place of all other tax diversifications, which will clear these imbalances once it is imposed fully.

Labour Laws:
In India, labour laws are still found to be relatively unfavorable to the trades, with companies having not more than ideal model to follow a ‘hire and fire’ policy. Even the companies have often broken their business down into small units to avoid any trouble created by labour unionization.

In past few years, there has been movement gradually towards reforming labour laws, and it is anticipated that this movement will uphold the environment more favorable.
Distant Geographic Location:
There are some high-level disadvantages for India due to its geographic location. For the foreign companies, it has a global logistics disadvantage due the shipping cost is higher and also takes much more time comparing to some other manufacturing countries like Mexico, Turkey, China etc. The inbound freight traffic has been also low, which affects cost of shipping – though, movement of containers are not at reasonable costs.

Lack of trade memberships:
India is serious lacking in trade pact memberships, which leads to restricted access to the other major markets. This issue made others to impose quota and duty, which put scissors on the sourcing quantities from India.


It is anticipated that India’s textile industry is likely to do much better. Since the consumption of domestic fibre is low, the growth in domestic consumption in tandem is anticipated with GDP of 6 to 8 % and this would support the growth of the local textile market at about 6 to 7 % a year.

India can also grab opportunities in the export market. The industry has the potential of attaining $34bn export earnings by the year 2010. The regulatory polices is helping out to enhance infrastructures of apparel parks, Specialized textile parks, EPZs and EOUs.

The Government support has ensured fast consumption of clothing as well as of fibre. A single rate will now be prevalent throughout the country.

The Indian manufacturers and suppliers are improving design skills, which include different fabrics according to different markets. Indian fashion industry and fashion designers are marking their name at international platform. Indian silk industry that is known for its fine and exclusive brocades, is also adding massive strength to the textile industry.

The industry is being modernized via an exclusive scheme, which has set aside $5bn for investment in improvisation of machinery. International brands, such as Levis, Wal-Mart, JC Penny, Gap, Marks & Spencer and other industry giants are sourcing more and more fabrics and garments from India. Alone Wal-Mart had purchased products worth $200mn last year and plans to increase buying up to $3bn in the coming year. The clothing giant from Europe, GAP is also sourcing from India.

As a result of various initiatives taken by the government, there has been new investment of Rs.50,000 crore in the textile industry in the last five years. Nine textile majors invested Rs.2,600 crore and plan to invest another Rs.6,400 crore. Further, India’s cotton production increased by 57% over the last five years; and 3 million additional spindles and 30,000 shuttle-less looms were installed.

Forecast till 2010 for textiles by the government along with the industry and Export Promotion Councils is to attain double the GDP, and the export is likely attain $85bn. The industry is anticipated to generate 12mn new jobs in various sectors.

How to uphold textile Industry

Weak infrastructure may be a hindrance which can be overcome with better network and with the willingness to share profit by loyalty bottom up and patronization from above downwards.

. By putting more retail outlets,

. With better value added products,

. By taking the lowest end of the chain into confidence and building their capability to innovate more and more.

. By upholding the market knowledge at every level that happens at higher-end that lifts the chain.

. By building on the expertise for technical textiles that include bed sheets; filtration and abrasive materials; furniture and healthcare upholstery; thermal protection and blood-absorbing materials; seatbelts; adhesive tape, etc which need skilled workers who are not easy to find in an Indian market.

. By keeping a regular research and development department with regards to the industry

. By building up the peripheral market with regular update of new accessories.

. By integrating the disorganized sectors into one segment that is functionally independent of each other’s unwanted stranglehold

. By putting affiliated efforts into the sector

. By creating a state owned cargo-shipping mechanism : with rationalizing fiscal duties; upgrading technology through the Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme (TUFS);

. By setting up of Apparel Parks

. By clearing off bottlenecks in the form of regulatory practices

. By replacing the indirect taxes with a single nationwide VAT

. With liberalization of contract norms for textile and garments units

. By controlling export of raw materials

. By curtailing the drawback claims falsely boosted invoice value of exports

. By effectively installing a price discovery mechanism to track market trend to take effective measures before hand a slump

How to promote textile exports

For promotion of exports the measures which should be taken up are

. Up gradation of textiles sector

. Policy level decision to achieve export target

. Woven segment of readymade garment sector and knitwear have been de-reserved

. Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme to be pursued till next five years

. Liberalization of FDI Policy with up to 100 per cent foreign equity participation

. Import of capital goods at 5% concession rate of duty with appropriate export obligation under

Export Promotion Capital Goods (EPCG) Scheme and clearly laid out EXIM policy

. Advance Licensing Scheme with standard input-output norms

. Prescribed Duty Exemption Pass Book (DEPB) Scheme credit rates

. Duty Drawback Scheme wherein the exporters are allowed refund of the excise and import duty loss on raw materials

. Construction of Apparel International Mart by Apparel Export Promotion Council to provide a world class facility to the apparel exporters to exhibit products and built international reputation

. Setting up of quality checking laboratories

. Apparel Park for Exports Scheme to invite international production units along with in-house production floors.

International Industrial Development Is Leading to World Unification

Major Countries Will Have a Mission: To become a key piece in a “spinal cord” of world management.

Their Method: International alliances will become increasingly centered on specific long term goals of industrial production and distribution and less on military or ideological needs as was the case in the 20th century.

The essence of 21st century competition is competition in efficient product output and jockeying for position to be the main link in a global state directed heavy industry chain. Countries with highest capacity to mass produce and distribute complex infrastructure related things will be most able to provide structure for planetary unification/governance and acquire popular legitimacy for it. Individuals in relevant capitals of the world will go to great lengths to have their states be as indispensable within this spinal cord as possible. This involves creating links between so called “national champions” and national industrial sectors in general (and thus political units themselves as public sectors increasingly get involved in the long term planning and funding).

For example, elites in Mexico City may realize that the rapidly growing Mexican industrial sector may not take leadership in the northern hemisphere by itself. BUT if they integrate it sufficiently with Canadian and American sectors then their ability to make influential decisions far up the spinal chord gets dramatically increased. Their psychological ego drive to get better and better seats at collective decision making table will thus drive the countries they manage towards merger.

One might argue that this isn’t any different from the process that has happened for the last 400 years as various cartels pushed their governments into cooperation/merger, into international or supranational alliances, and occasionally into warfare with each other over surplus production. One might also argue that the post-hegemonic fragmentation into a multipolar world is also a seemingly cyclical typical occurrence. However, the current process of financial and industrial cartels influencing supranational mergers will take place in an environment that differs from a previous multi polar period of the early 20th century. That is since:

1) Dogmatic economic and political ideology in general has been discredited (with decline of the last two major ideological powers: USSR and US)

2) Nationalism has been discredited in its older forms by technological globalization and by major migratory flows of humans

3) There is tendency towards continental political blocks that build on and improve on the EU model

4) Warfare between cartels (and thus the governments they control) is prevented by the existence of nuclear weapons

5) World is now in a fragile situation where:

_____a) Due to accelerating technological progress and the Internet, world’s rich find it increasingly difficult to maintain/create artificial scarcity (on at least light industry level) to prevent major profit collapse and corresponding social unrest

_____b) Major transnational cooperation is constantly required (on at least continental level) to coordinate fiat money generation and banking-monetary policy in general to prevent major profit collapse and corresponding social unrest

_____c) Capital intensive heavy industrial production (of fission reactors, high speed trains, etc) cannot really be fully managed and funded by individual cartels anymore and requires constant state/tax payer subsidy, support, and assistance

_____d) Ramping up capital intensive heavy industrial production/infrastructure is required to resolve and manage rapid population growth, resource depletion, and environmental degradation. This is needed in order to prevent civil unrest stemming from these 3 key global issues (civil unrest = major profit collapse = civil unrest).

Although the factors that create current cartel driven tendency towards political merging are not always stated this clearly, they nevertheless direct this process for the most part.

What is apparent is that powerful egos cannot compete in the old ways via violence or in a free for all technologically enabled resource depletion. Financial speculation has also proven as inadequate to provide a long term release valve for psychological competition.The process of elimination leaves world leaders with a rather novel benign (and rather difficult!) way to compete via production and welfare generation for the people they oversee.

To help visualize what is needed, what is happening, what will increasingly continue to happen, and what needs to be ingrained in global consciousness as needing to happen, think of this example:

[There are 5 continents in the world with multiple countries each. 4 of these continents have at least 2 strong industrial countries with industrial monopolies that are cozy with their respective governments. Elites of 3-4 of the continents (North and South American companies may merge on this one) decide to create supranational “Japans on steroids” for each specific heavy industry. With state aid and coordination, a beefed up equivalent to European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company (EADS) is created on each continent for energy, high speed rail transport, bridge/tunnel equipment, air/space transport, modular housing, and a few others related to resource extraction to feed the new “continental champions”.]

Obviously a far greater amount of state capitalism and state funding/management is required to create these continental champions. This is made palatable to tax payers via sharing half or more of the profits with government treasuries the way Gazprom does. This rapidly builds on, combines, and goes further than European Coal and Steel Community, Euratom, EADS, Gazprom, and others.

The main goal is not only to rapidly streamline and take advantage of economies of scale in heavy industrial production of energy plants, large energy power plants parts, trains, planes, modular housing, and resource extraction/recycling. The main goal is to turn every continent into a supranational factory making 5-6 broad categories of things needed to prevent global social unrest AND to maintain competition, evolution, and diversity of product within global industry. The beauty of this process is that each country can increase or decrease the level of state ownership/(macro socialism or state capitalism however you’d like to call it) as it sees fits while maintaining the country within the industrial chain. Being part of the chain also creates incentives to boost technological, infrastructural, and social development in all spheres to remain part of and embed further into the chain. The incentives to make holistic improvements are greater than those driven by neoliberal emphasis on reform since success and failure is more obvious. The public can easily tell if their country doesn’t have what it takes to design and cheaply construct a large part for a next generation transatlantic hypersonic heavy passenger plane. To catch up and enter the chain, the production capabilities of military industrial complexes should be converted to civilian use when possible and utilized to the maximum.

Additional positives of this arrangement is that a lot more capital intensive experimentation can now be allowed due to pulling of resources and supranational tax payer guarantees. Macro Gazprom type build up in production inefficiencies is more than compensated by introduction of new generations of hypersonic aircraft, mass production of MagLev transport and passenger train wagons, fission reactors, etc.

There is also an Orwellian twist to this new global competition (although a positive one). One can see the 6 continents entering into a triangular macro competition where not even 2 beefed up EADS type super companies can ever hope to fully win. Lets be more obvious. Say there is Oceania Rail, Eurasia Rail, and EastAsia rail all developing newer, better, and differentiated MagLev train products (ranging from magnetic heavy loader factory chain carts, to city subway cars, to transcontinental passenger, etc). Triangular competition like this tends to produce simultaneous launches of product by all 3 entities. This has been observed in product ranging from flat screen television to next generation fight airplanes. We see first seeds of what’s to come in the Boeing and Airbus rivalry with China working on its own super heavy transcontinental passenger plane.

If triangular competition reaches total planetary scale then the cost of the new products, time to make them, and time in between each successive generation of product falls. Yes, there will be entire continents filled with monopolies fused into supranational continental monopolies but it is small price to pay for macro level technological progress. New experimental continent scale protectionist policies and competition over guiding/exploiting the development of African Union should prevent any 2 supranational factories from totally overcoming the triangular arrangement. Tripolar world is dramatically more dynamic as elites within each industrial cluster need to always be focused to prevent indirect strategic collusion between 2 rivals while working and competing with each rival indirectly as well. Anybody who played 3 way chess knows this. Some projects like manned mission to Mars may require occasional industrial unipolarity but for the most part the tripolar arrangement described has sufficient economies of scale to really benefit humanity.

Material Handling Industry History

Materials Handling Industry has matured as never before. Ever since the industrial revolution started, goods needed to be transported at a larger scale. These transports and movement of goods and materials have become the material handling industry, a mature industry which has anchored in all corners of the globe and has

The Industry Definition
By definition, this optimization business is the movement, protection, control and storage of goods before, during and after the production or manufacturing process. But also includes the handling of goods during distribution to end consumers and even during the consumption and the disposal part of the end product. Every little handling falls within the handling industry.

The logistics industry highly relies on the material handling industry and in many ways is intertwined with this industry as well. The tow industries go hand in hand in order to let the supply chain process go as fluently as possible.

A Little Industrial History
This management business has been around ever since humans have been trading goods. Once trading and manufacturing started to happen at a larger scale more efficient systems needed to be developed and brought into place. Equipment and optimization are constantly evolving to facilitate the demand of goods.

The industrial revolution was sparked of in Great Britain in the early 18th century when the first commercially viable steam engines entered the manufacturing, mining, agricultural and transport processes. These inventions and contraptions were shipped all over the world to increase production volumes and the industrialization of the world became a fact. The material handling industry developed along side.

In principle we are still in the middle of the industrial revolution, as we keep progressing forward. Steam engines were only the spark that flamed the technological process. But the introduction of the combustion engine, electricity, electronics, the microchip and now nano technology all are part of an ongoing industrial revolutionary process. And all along this industry has grown, developed and progressed as well.

Material Handling Industry of America
Companies in the material handling industry have united in the MHIA in the United States. The MHIA is one of the largest organizations in the world representing the material handling industry. Not strange as the United States is the largest economy in the world. The MHIA is a non-profit trade organization helping its members to perform more efficiently on the world platform.

This commercial enterprise is an exciting industry as a whole as it keeps progressing and filtering in the processes needed to optimize the movement, protection, control and storage of goods. The consumption of material handling and logistics equipment and systems in America exceeds $156 billion per year, and producers employ in excess of 700,000 workers.

The Present Scenario Of Paper Industry In India

The Indian paper industry has been in existence for more than a decade. Today there are more than 850 paper mills functioning all over the country. These industries manufacture various types of paper materials required for different purposes. This industry is known to be one of the leading industries in India as it provides employment to more than 1.5 million people.

The widespread demand for different types of paper products such as book, magazines, newspapers, bags, plates, cups, envelopes and so forth has further escalated the growth of this industry. But the lack of proper raw materials has affected the future of this thriving industry in India. Large scale deforestation has led to the depletion of raw materials for the production of paper products.

According to the type of raw materials used for production purposes, the paper industry in India is classified into three categories which include the wood based, waste paper based and the agro based industries. Most of the mills in India are based on raw materials which are non-conventional such as waster paper. Today the paper industry in India is in search of technologically advanced methods to reduce the cost of production and augment the existing technologies to meet the international standard levels. The government of India has introduced various rules and regulations to encourage joint ventures and investments in this field.

Current Scenario

The strong demand of paper products has pushed the Indian paper industry to a new level. It is expanding to meet the growing demands of the people. Vast changes have taken place in the field of printing paper, tissues, newsprint and so forth. Modern management along with latest technological machines is used for the completion of various projects. Nowadays, foreign investors are interested in setting up new plants for manufacturing paper to bring forth huge revenue to the paper industry.

The paper industry is planning to widen its horizons with the help of joint ventures and new investors.

However, the paper industry is facing many challenges due to the shortage of raw materials and the rise in population. The demand for industrial wood, fire wood and timber is continuing to grow due to the ever increasing population.

Challenges Faced by the Industry

Some of the other challenges faced by this industry are the location of paper units. Most of the paper units in the country are located in remote areas. The industry is quite unattractive to the young generation as it is located away from the city and modern facilities.

Lack of health facilities and educational institutes near these units are also considered to be one of the greatest drawbacks of this industry. The revenue procured from the paper industry is considerably less in comparison to the other industries in India.

Today the country uses alternative raw materials to produce high quality paper. Most of the industries have become environmentally responsible by adopting eco-friendly manufacturing processes.

The future of the Indian economy is indirectly linked to the future of the paper industry in India. The industry is expected to witness a better future in the coming years.

Industrial Furniture Moves Into Chic Decor

Gaining popularity for non-industrial uses because of the design elements it offers, industrial furniture is moving out of industrial environments and into dining rooms and dens. Making especially big moves in vintage circles, A-frames and wood-backed metal chairs are turning up as dining room tables and antique bar stools. Scissor lift coffee tables are starting conversations in chic living rooms and basic metal industrial chairs are brightening sidewalk cafes, thanks to nothing more than a fresh coat of paint.

Once left to rust or rot and be melted or broken down into raw materials, old industrial furniture is finding new life in contemporary interior design. Repurposed as unique, distinctive household furnishings and art pieces, industrial tables, chairs, shelving, and random components are proving more useful than ever. Little features like caster wheels make bookcases popular, with industrial shelves hung between jointed pipes. The potential uses for this furniture that once was confined to labs and warehouses are countless.

Consumers Seek Durability and Convenience in Industrial Furniture

Necessarily durable for its industrial uses, this newly chic furniture appeals to consumers in part because of the strong materials used to construct it. It is hard to beat steel if you want table legs that can withstand the impact of toy cars, cat claws, skateboards, and the like. Increasingly opting for new rather than used industrial strength home furnishings, consumers are also looking for convenience.

While the vintage decor set may be willing to either accept the sometimes-shabby condition of this furniture or restore it themselves, the majority prefer to buy it new. This much easier and more convenient way to acquire their home furnishings is to look at new products, even if their plan is to assemble pipes into a coffee table base. They are also attracted by the most basic details that provide convenience, whether wheels for heavy furniture or the adjustable height of a dining room table.

Urban Dwellers Make Urban Decor Appealing With Industrial Designs

With so many consumers living in high-rises of concrete and steel, it is no surprise that many of them consciously attempt to see the beauty in their urban environment. That explains why cityscapes are popular for wall art and grunge is welcome on custom rugs and bathroom towels. Urban energy is sought after, witness hip-hop and rap, and that same desire to make something special of urban stimulation leads consumers to want industrial furniture.

It is also hard to argue that there are home furnishings more unique than a scissor lift table or a sculpture made from industrial components. Also sparked by congested urban environments, the need to stand out is satisfied with an industrial work of art or a much talked-about piece of furniture. Not only signaling unique individuals, industrial furniture also fits with the increasing environmental awareness of consumers. This contributes to both the repurposing of vintage industrial items and the desire for long-lasting industrial materials in new furnishings.

Taken together, there are compelling reasons for the seemingly inexplicable surge of interest in industrial furniture. The addition of homeowners looking for unique furniture to industrial users is significantly widening the customer base for retailers of these products. No longer just a staple of industrial working environments, this furniture is bringing a long-lasting twist to home decor.

Power, Control, Wealth, The Third Industrial Revolution

When the first Industrialized Revolution unfolded the fuel that ushered in a new found way of life was all based on fossil fuels. The gluttony that followed in the fervor frenzy of drilling and mining that ensued only created an environmental catastrophe of epic proportions today. Yet in the United States most of our government is in a state of denial that our industrial infrastructure that by the way is built all off of fossil fuels is the cause of all the environmental impact that global warming is having all around the globe. The continuing onslaught of more natural disasters which have been occurring more frequently with each passing year is a direct result of mans interference with the natural balance on this planet.

All civilization is at a critical juncture today. We have developed more technologies in the shortest amount of time than in any other period in the history of mankind. Sadly though in every society there are multitudes left with-out the benefits that these technologies could bring. More and more people are facing dire living conditions in practically every country in the world today. Over one billion people world wide are literally starving to death. The threat of Global Pandemics is as real as it gets. All of these can and must be eliminated if mankind is to survive. We now have the technology to make it happen, but the resolve to use the technologies that we have and develop more technologies for the betterment of the human experience is all predicated by relinquishing man’s own thirst for more power, control and wealth.

The scientific community all support that drastic changes in the earths delicate condition will cause events of biblical proportions if man continues on in denial and apathy in regards to not utilizing the technologies developed in eliminating the need and use of all fossil fuels. We are already on the brink of mass extinctions of marine life caused by mans destructive nature in pollution of our oceans. It is now more apparent than ever that the United States has to change direction, ideology, and attitudes if this nation is ever going to rise out of the ashes of our economic crisis. Like the Phoenix rising again to lead the world in green energy for all. Remember the opening to the Six Million Dollar Man ” We have the technology to make him better, faster, stronger” well, guess what we actually do.

The peak of the industrial revolution using fossil fuels happened around 1980. This is when scientists first really became concerned of the effects of all the carbon being released by the industrial complexes was having. For over one hundred years of mans indifference to the earths natural balance has now created a planetary crisis. History is a great teacher. In every economic revolution when new technology is developed it devises new energy systems. These new energy systems make it possible to create more independent economic activity. This in turn gives rise to providing more avenues to expand more commercial activity. Accompanying all this new technology are communication so called revolutions which become the foundations where mans ability to organize, manage, and control a newer more stable set of spatial dynamics. All from from evolving energy technologies.

In the last part of the 19th century and the first part of the 20th century the fossil fuel technology of the time, primarily coal, was the technology that powered the communication industries which also contributed to rail infrastructure and all the other commercial markets of the First Industrial Revolution. In the 20th century beginning around 1910, electronic communications like the telephone, radio and television became the communication medium that managed and marketed the oil-powered auto age and the mass consumer culture of the Second Industrial Revolution.

By 1994 a new convergence of communication and energy was now infiltrating society. Internet technology and reemergence of renewable energies were about to merge in creating a powerful new infrastructure for a Third Industrial Revolution. This Third Industrial Revolution has already begun and will change the world. In the next 100 years hundreds of millions of people will be able to produce their own green energy in their homes, in offices, and in factories all over the world. Humanity will be able to share with each other an “energy Internet,” just like we are able now to create and share information online. The democratization of energy will bring with it a fundamental reordering of all human relationships, impacting the very way we conduct business, govern society, educate our children, and engage in civic activities.

The United States has yet to capitalize on the emergence of this third industrial revolution. Government procrastination, denial, apathy and indifference have only confounded the American populace as to why the United States continually lags behind other industrialized countries in developing new renewable energy systems. In 2006 the European Union had laid the groundwork for further development of the Third Industrial Revolution. Green technologies have all given rise to a new medium of communications and infrastructure development. It is in Europe and in Japan that have taken hold of the idea that only with the development of renewable green energy will propel economies to greater heights of stability and prosperity. This while in the United States we are stuck with our antiquated energy policies and infrastructure that still rely on the fossil fuels of the first industrial and second industrial revolution.

Even with all the economic problems still facing the European Union it is the European Union that has the largest economy, not the United States or China. The gross domestic product (GDP) of its twenty-seven member states far exceeds the GDP of all our fifty states.The European Union is probably the only group of countries that are continually asking the bigger questions about humanities future viability as a species on Earth. All because of man’s unrelenting thirst for more power, control and wealth using the energy systems of he first and second industrial revolutions have created a world that has become almost inhospitable to man.

The Third Industrial Revolution most likely will be the last great Industrial Revolution. This revolution is beginning to lay the foundational infrastructure for an emerging collaborative age. In years to come this third industrial revolution with all the infrastructure development will create hundreds of thousands of new businesses and hundreds of millions of new jobs world wide. In doing so its completion, the last remnants of the first and second industrial revolution, will signal the end of over a two-hundred-year commercial saga characterized by industrious rationale`, entrepreneurial markets, and mass labor workforces.The antiquated thinking of the last 20th century will pass to a new generation of progressiveness and usher in the beginning of a new era marked by collaborative behavior, social networks and professional and technical workforces. In the next half century, the conventional, centralized business operations of the First and Second Industrial Revolutions will give way to increased business practices of the Third Industrial Revolution. The tradition concept of power over society will cease to exist. A Unilateral concept of power will unfold as a result of the third industrialized revolution. The very notion of lateral power seems so contradictory now to how we have experienced power relations of the past. Power, after all, has traditionally been organized pyramidically from top to bottom. Today, however, the collaborative power unleashed by the coming together of Internet technology and renewable green energies, fundamentally restructures human relationships, not from top to bottom but from side to side. All with profound implications for the future of society.

Prime examples of this concept is when the recording industry didn’t understand distributed power until millions of young people began sharing music online. Corporate profits fell to all time lows. The Encyclopedia Britannica didn’t appreciate the distributed and collaborative power that made Wikipedia the leading reference source in the world through the Internet. Nor did the newspapers take seriously the distributed power of the blogosphere. Today many publications are either going out of business or transferring much of their activities online. The implications of people sharing distributed energy over the Internet have even more far-reaching consequences.

As in every new communication and energy infrastructure devised through-out history, the building blocks, the pillars of an Industrial Revolution must be laid down simultaneously or the foundation will not hold. That’s because each block can only function in relationship to the others. There are known five fundamental principles of the Third Industrial Revolution:
(1) shifting to renewable energy;
(2) transforming the building stock of every continent into micro-power plants to collect renewable energies on-site;
(3) deploying hydrogen and other storage technologies in every building and throughout the infrastructure to store intermittent energies;
(4) using Internet technology to transform the power grid of every continent into an energy-sharing intergrid that acts just like the Internet (when millions of buildings are generating a small amount of energy locally, on-site, they can sell surplus back to the grid and share electricity with their continental neighbors); and
(5) transitioning the transport fleet to electric plug-in and fuel cell vehicles that can buy and sell electricity on a smart, continental, interactive power grid.

The critical need to integrate and harmonize these five principals at every stage of development became clear to the European Union in 2010. The United states is just beginning to understand the importance of inaugurating a complete energy restructuring. So far without any real support by mostly the Republican led legislatures from state houses to the federal level who are still in a 20th century frame of mind. In Europe on the other hand they are now in development and are spending millions on updating its electricity grid to accommodate an influx of renewable energy. In America we are still lacking the infrastructure to enable renewable’s to develop and take the place of the traditional sources that we still have. The reluctance to invest in the infrastructure here in the United States is real cause for alarm. While the European Union is expected to draw close to one half of its electricity from green sources by 2020 the United States is no where near ready to even come close to Europe by 2020. The President is already committed to change and invest in the Third Industrial Revolution technologies but is continually assaulted by the Republicans.

The power grids in Europe are becoming digitized and made intelligent to handle the intermittent renewable energies being fed to the grid from tens of thousands of local producers of energy. This is economic revival. It’s not happening here in the United States as it is unfolding in Europe. Policies, regulations, permits and a whole slew of restrictions have made going green very cost prohibitive here in the United States. In Europe they realized that the development and deployment hydrogen and other storage technologies across the European Union’s infrastructure is essential for the amount of intermittent renewable energy. Similarly, Europe has also realized it is important to incentivize the construction and real estate sectors with low interest green loans and mortgages to encourage the conversion of millions of buildings in the European Union to mini power plants that can harness renewable energies on-site and send surpluses back to the smart grid. Europe has realized that unless these and other considerations are met, the European Union won’t be able to provide enough green electricity to power millions of electric plug-in and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles being readied for the market. If any of the five pillars fall behind the rest in their development, the others will stall and the infrastructure that is being developed will be compromised.

The creation of a renewable energy systems, that are integrated in buildings, partially stored in the form of hydrogen, distributed via smart intergrids, and connected to plug-in, zero-emission transport, opens the door sort of speaking to the Third Industrial Revolution. This entire system is interactive, integrated, and seamless. When the five principals that dictate the overall success of the Third Industrial Revolution are met, they make up an indivisible technological platform–an emergent system whose properties and functions are qualitatively different from the sum of its parts. In other words, the synergies between the pillars create a new economic paradigm that can and will transform the world.

To really appreciate how disruptive the Third Industrial Revolution is in the way we have organized economic life in the past, consider the profound changes that have taken place in just the last twenty years with the Internet revolution. The democratization of information and communication has altered the very nature of global commerce and social relations as significantly as the printing press has revolutionized the early modern era. Just now imagine the impact that the democratization of energy across all of society is likely to have when managed by Internet technology.

The Third Industrial Revolution is acutely relevant for the poorer countries in the developing world. We have to be conscious that almost 50% of the humanity stills lives on less than two dollars a day, live in devastating poverty, and of that 50% the majority have no electricity or access to proper sanitation. Without access to electricity they remain “powerless,” literally and figuratively. The single most important factor in raising hundreds of millions of people out of poverty is having reliable and affordable access to green electricity. All other economic development is impossible in its absence. The democratization of energy and universal access to electricity is the indispensable starting point for improving the lives of the poorest populations of the world. The extension of micro credit to generate micro power is already beginning to transform life across the developing nations, giving potentially millions of people hope of improving their economic situation.

History is riddled with examples of great societies that have fallen, promising social experiments that eventually died, and visions of the future that never came about. This time, however, the situation is different. The stakes are much higher. The possibility of humanities utter extinction is not something the human race ever had to consider before until the end of World war II. The prospect of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, along with the after effects of 200 years of mans un quenching thirst for more power, control, and wealth during the first and second industrial revolutions has really accelerated the odds that are dangerously close in favor of extinction of civilization as we know it. The Third Industrial Revolution offers mankind the hope that we can achieve a post-carbon era by mid-century. We have the science, and we have the technology to make it happen. The question now is whether we have the resolve and recognize the enormous economic possibilities that lie ahead.

Changing Industry Is Difficult But Not Impossible

With a recession in full swing many candidates are seeking to change industries. This is especially true if most of your experience is in an industry that has been hard hit in the recession. Some examples are the mortgage, financial or manufacturing industries. As an executive recruiter I often coach candidates on the best ways to go about changing industries. It is possible, but it also takes planning and patience. Two things lacking in many candidates.

Making an industry change in this economy is difficult, unless you have one of those jobs in which the skills required are not industry specific. That means your skills and training are easily transferable to another industry. The issue you have to overcome is that your competition for an opening will probably include people with extensive experience in the industry your want to move to. Most companies will look at those with industry experience first. Companies always prefer a person with direct industry experience over those without it. There are specific positions where industry experience is critical. For example sales positions. Knowing the customers and having contacts is clearly a benefit. On the other hand other functions, accounting, human resources and customer service are often transferable between industries. So I recommend taking some time to identify what are your transferable skills and how will they be of benefit in the new industry.

The best way to make an industry change is through networking. You need to build relationships with people in the industry. To do this consider attending professional associations, joining networking groups in the industry you desire to move to, attend trade shows or conferences, and start connecting with people in your local area. As they get to know you they will be able to determine how your strengths, outside their industry, can apply to the problems they need solved in their company. In this case going through recruiters or submitting resumes via ads are long shots.

There are some barriers you should think about overcoming when changing industries, assuming your skills are easily transferable. The first one is compensation. Chances are you are more valuable in the industry you come from than some unrelated industry. So the level of compensation will probably be less in a new industry than what you have been making. Secondly, the position will probably be at a lower level. If you were a manager in your industry, you may not qualify as a manager in the new industry. Finally, some additional training and education may be required.

Making an industry change takes planning. It isn’t something that happens all of a sudden because you are unemployed. In fact, once you are unemployed it maybe too late to start thinking about an industry change.

How To Use Modern Industrial Furniture

Industrial style furniture has gone from being just a passing trend to making its way into mainstream design and interior décor.

Through the years the industrial look or style has become an art form. Whether its an old recycled find or a stylish reproduction they are in the trendiest apartments, converted lofts and warehouses in the most popular suburbs of your city. The industrial look brings together comfortability, art and practical functionality to complement the modern or vintage style.

What is Industrial style furniture?

Years ago it may of meant scouring and collecting old or maybe rusted metal or wooden furniture from second-hand markets, vintage stores or garage sales with an idea of creating something unique.

Tin, aluminimum, iron steel, metals in sharp lines, recycled wood, metallic colours in a mixture of factory or farm pieces. Everything from wooden crates turned into coffee tables, unfinished walls with exposed beams to old lockers used for storage or rustic ladders for shelving, the industrial look takes on many forms and materials.

How to Incorporate the Industrial look in your home?

The humble materials of the Industrial look have a minimal and no-nonsense feel. Strong industrial look pieces can have a harsh or severe look on their own. Many people have found you can soften the look with natural textures and neutral colours. Even padded furniture can complement the industrial look if kept simple and free of frills. Texture from aged furniture works well with the strong shapes of the metals adding character.

The minimalistic rawness and open floor plan of the industrial style gives a hard-working un-pretentious feel that can suit any budget. Salvaging anything from large glass jars, old metal typewriters, bolts, machinery parts and using them to create something new.

Exposed walls and ceilings, mixing new furniture with old, rough textures with sharp smooth lines, the industrial look can be a design and style while still being practical and functional.

Where to get the Industrial look?

Although there can be great satisfaction in finding and maybe even restoring that just right piece of pre-loved furniture to complement your industrial look, our fast paced world doesn’t always cater to this.

Reproduction of industrial look furniture has now exploded into the market, combining new materials with old to replicate, add to, or make a whole new piece of industrial furniture.

There are many companies that specialise in retro furniture, and often have industrial furniture. Many of their pieces are made from recycled wood or steel, bringing new life to old materials while still keeping integrity to the industrial style.

Everything from bookcases, shelving, tables to stools and storage boxes, industrial furniture businesses have a great range of industrial look furniture to complement your home or office.

Auction houses are a great way to source previously used furniture. Look for auctions that source their furniture from companies in industrial zones. You may just find a perfect piece of outdoor furniture without the new furniture price-tag. Research online for your local auction houses, and then contact them for their current stock.